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Volume 9, Issue 137 (2-2016)                   Exceptional Education 1394, __(137): 60-64 | Back to browse issues page

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siavoshy H. Effects of Resistance Training on Salivary Hormone Profile and Immunoglobulin A in Adults with Down Syndrome. Exceptional Education. 2016; 9 (137) :60-64
URL: http://exceptionaleducation.ir/article-1-381-en.html
Sport Sciences Research Institute of IRAN (SSRI), Tehran, Iran , seiavoshy@gmail.com
Abstract:   (4012 Views)

Background: The aim of this research was designed to assess the effects of resistance training on salivary immunoglobulin A (IgA) levels and hormone profile in sedentary adults with Down syndrome (DS).

Method: A total of 40 male adults with DS were selected for the trial through different community support groups for people with intellectual disabilities. All participants had medical approval for participation in physical activity. Twenty-four adults were randomly assigned to perform resistance training in a circuit with six stations, 3 days per week for 12 weeks. Training intensity was based on functioning in the eight-repetition maximum (8RM) test for each exercise. The control group included 16 age-, gender-, and BMI-matched adults with DS. Salivary IgA, testosterone, and cortisol levels were measured by ELISA. Work task performance was assessed using the repetitive weighted-box stacking test.

Results: Resistance training significantly increased salivary IgA concentration (P=0.0120; d=0.94) and testosterone levels (P=0.0088; d=1.57) in the exercising group. In addition, it also improved work task performance. No changes were seen in the controls who had not exercised.

Conclusion: In conclusion, a short-term resistance training protocol improved mucosal immunity response as well as salivary testosterone levels in sedentary adults with DS.

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Type of Study: Translation | Subject: General
Received: 2014/Sep/Thu | Revised: 2016/Sep/Thu | Accepted: 2016/Feb/Mon | Published: 2016/Mar/Tue | ePublished: 2016/Mar/Tue

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