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Volume 3, Issue 131 (5-2015)                   Exceptional Education 1394, __(131): 21-30 | Back to browse issues page

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karami J, shafeei B, heidarisharaf P. Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Play Therapy on Reforming the Social Maladjustment of Female Students with Intellectual Disabilities. Exceptional Education. 2015; 3 (131) :21-30
URL: http://exceptionaleducation.ir/article-1-354-en.html
1- RAZI University , j.karami@razi.ac.ir
2- RAZI University
Abstract:   (8251 Views)

Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral group play therapy on reformation of the social maladjustment on female students with intellectual disabilities (ID). 

Method: The present study, is an experimental study design with pre-test and post-test, and with experimental and control groups. Population of this study includes all girls with mental retardation with ID (8-15 years), who attending in the special schools in the Kermanshah province. Among this population 32 students were selected as sample group. After evaluation, 20 people were diagnosed 2 Standard deviation higher than average deviation of Rutter test. These people were matched in two 10 groups, experimental and control groups. The experimental group received eleven sessions of cognitive-behavioral group play therapy and control group were placed in the waiting list. Research instruments were Rutter's behavior questionnaire. The analysis based on descriptive statistics, covariance analysis show that cognitive-behavioral group play therapy is caused to reduced social maladjustment with ID and to increased their social interactions. 
Results: The most important results of this study are effectiveness of group play therapy, usefulness of the cognitive - behavioral approach on reforming the social maladjustment and being equally useful results in play therapy for children with different IQ levels. 
Conclusion: It can be argued those cognitive-behavioral group play therapies can reform social maladjustment of female students with ID.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: General
Received: 2014/Aug/Tue | Revised: 2016/Dec/Thu | Accepted: 2014/Nov/Thu | Published: 2015/Sep/Sun | ePublished: 2015/Sep/Sun

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